The Sumatran Orangutan, native to the Indonesian Island of Sumatra, its name literally translating to “Person of the Forest”, is losing its place on our planet. These Asian primates, frequently called The Red Apes because of their bold orange fur have been deemed Critically Endangered since 2000 and their numbers are only continuing to decrease today, two decades later.
Once roaming the entire island of Sumatra - the world’s sixth largest island, at almost 172,000 sq. miles - and its neighboring, Java; they are now entirely confined to just a single province at the northernmost tip of Sumatra, called Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam. Of the only nine existing populations left, two already have zero prospects of long-term viability. A century ago, the combined population of Sumatran and Bornean Orangutans living in the wild was at a healthy 230,000. Today, there are roughly 104,000 remaining Bornean and just 7,500 Sumatran.